History of the Enlargement
Enlarging is one of the most important opportunity preparing to 21.century for EU. Enlarging is an dissimilar and historical duty which present stability and welfare to new members and for advanced entirety of the continent with peaceful methods. EU has already had a successful enlarging past. Treaty Establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (Treaty of Paris 1951) with Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community (Treaty of Rome1957) has signed by the six founder members: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxemburg and Holland. After this EU has passed along five enlarging process:
1973 Denmark, Ireland and The United Kingdom,
1986 Portugal and Spain,
1995 Austria, Finland and Sweden,
2004 The Greek Administration of Southern Cyprus, The Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia,
2007 Bulgaria and Romania,
The Council of Europe in effect started the process of enlarging in Luxemburg on December 1997. This process cover the following twelve countries: Bulgaria, The Greek Administration of Southern Cyprus, The Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
With six countries has been opened negotiations for membership by European Commission which recommended on 31 March 1998: The Greek Administration of Southern Cyprus, The Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia.
Malta -withdrew its application in 1996- then officially submitted its application for membership on December 1999.The European Council confirmed extensive quality of the accession process in Helsinki Summit on December 1999 and decided to open accession negotiation with more six countries recommending European Commission: Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Romania and Slovenia. Following this recommendation, accession negotiations has been opened with these six states on 15 February 2000.The Council of Europe confirmed Turkey’s membership of the Europen Union according to same criterions which to be used to the other countries.
European Union completed the most extensive enlarging of historical with accession of ten different countries into Union on 1 May 2004 (The Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Malta and Greek Administration of Southern Cyprus.)
Negotiations with Bulgaria and Romania were concluded in 2006 and joined the European Union on January 1st 2007.
The application made by Croatia for membership was accepted in Brussels Summit on June 2004. Croatia’s accession negotiations was started on 3 October 2005, as Turkey. Upon the accession of Crotia to the EU on 1 July 2013, the EU has 28 members currently.
As 1 January 2015, European Union’s estimated population is 508.2 million and the number of official languages of the European Union is 24.
In the current status, there are 5 candidate country including Turkey.
Click here for the state of play of negotiating countries.
Click here for detailed information on candidate countries.
Click here for detailed information on potential candidates.